A large proportion of infant visual development occurs after birth. Muscles in the eye, much like muscles in other parts of our body, are strengthened with exercise.
Providing your baby with plenty of visual stimulation will not only support and encourage the important muscles in the eye to develop but will also encourage neural pathways to form between the optic nerve and brain, so that the infant brain can process the images.
At birth, a baby’s vision is very blurred, lacks the ability to see the full spectrum of colour and is limited to seeing objects up to several inches away.
Research has shown that infants prefer high contrast, bold images and show a preference to faces. It is thought that infants prefer faces because of the contract between the hairline and face, although studies using solid black and white lines have shown similar results.
At Pint-Sized Prodigy, our 0-3month and 3-6month Prodigy Packs are designed to help you to support your child’s visual development. We believe the best way to support your infant’s visual development is by providing your baby with plenty of high contrast toys and books.
In these early months, your baby’s vision will become increasingly less blurred over time. The ability to focus and see images clearly (visual acuity) is dependent on many factors. However, for simplicity’s sake, lets imagine that to see a sharp, clear image, that image must be reflected to a specific area at the back of the eye (fovea).
For this to happen, the muscles around the eyeball must work together to move the eyeball so that it is looking directly at the object. Next, the muscles attached to the lens within the eye will ‘stretch’ or ‘squash’ the lens just enough to ensure the image is projected onto the fovea. Signals are then fired across the brain to process the image.
Why do you need to know this? ………..Well, it’s because this helps to explain why it is so important for you to help exercise and strengthen your child eyes. As the ciliary and orbit muscles get better at controlling the eyeball and lens, your child’s vision will improve and in turn, the neural connections between the eye and brain are strengthened.
The 0-3month Prodigy Packs contain activities designed to encourage your baby to track moving objects and practice focusing to strengthen those all-important eye muscles.
Keep your children engaged
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